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文章来源:SEO    发布时间:2019-10-22 18:53:13  【字号:      】

www.00rfd.com_www.33rfd.com-【经营以下网站】TheZhuhaisectionoftheHongKong-Zhuhai-MacaoBridgeinGuangdongProvince.(PhotobyZhangYouqiong/ForChinaDaily)The"OutlineDevelopmentPlan"forGuangdong-HongKong-MacaoGreaterBayArea,releasedrecently,aimstomaketheGBAaworldclassscienceandtechnologyinnovationcenter.ButhowcanGuangdongprovince,andtheHongKongandMacaospecialadministrativeregions,whichhavedifferentpoliticalsystemsand,toacertainextent,cultures,collaborateseamlesslytocreatesuchaninnovationcenterWebelievethatwhilethemarketwillbeakeydrivingforcefortheGBA'sdevelopment,thegovernmenthastoplaythekeyroleofcoordinatorandadministrativeguide.Themarketdoesplayavitalroleineconomicdevelopment,butavisionaryanddeterminedgovernmentisneededtosupplementthemarketandensurecoordinateddevelopment.First,agovernment-coordinatedplanwillpreventtheduplicationofinfrastructurefacilitiesandcut-throatcompetitionintheneighboringcities.Andmutualleveragingandinter-citycollaborationwillcreateadditionalvalueforallthethreeregionsgiventhenatureoftheirrespectiveeconomies.TheTokyoBayArea,too,facedasimilarchallenge,whichtheJapanesegovernmenttackledthroughacoordinatedplan.ThesameistruefortheSanFranciscoBayArea.Butinthelatter'scase,NGOssuchastheBayAreaCouncil,ratherthantheUnitedStatesfederalgovernment,helpedcoordinatecross-countyinfrastructureprojectssuchasrailwaysandportswiththesupportofthecountygovernments.Second,technologyandinnovationarevitalareasthegovernmentsofGuangdong,HongKongandMacaoshouldplayanimportantrolein.Theyshouldfundresearchinhighereducation,withoutwhichbuddingtalentscannotbetapped.Andsincetechnologicalinnovationprojectscarrygreatfinancialrisks,thegovernmentsshouldshoulderamajorpartofthoserisksbyactingasdefactoinsurers.Helpingentrepreneurstogetloansandprovidingthemwithfruitfuladvicearetwoareasinwhichthegovernmentsshouldplayacriticalrole.Bysodoing,theycanactasacatalystfortheGBA'seconomicgrowth.Financeisthebloodofanymodernenterprise,moresoforstart-ups.Butundertheexistingsystem,banksandfinancialinstitutionsintheGBAmaynotprovideloanstostart-upsbecausestart-upsareusually"lightinassets".Ofcourse,start-upscanreceivefundingfromventurecapitalcompanies.Butventurecapitalcompaniesusuallylookforveryhighreturnwithinafixedperiodoftime,whichnotallstart-upscanguarantee.Also,somejointventurecompaniesmaydemandequityinstart-upseitherintheformofconvertibleloansordirectequityinvestment,whichmanystart-upsmaynotagreetoforfearoflosingcontroloftheirbusinesses.Toovercomethesedifficulties,thegovernmentsofGuangdong,HongKongandMacaoshouldsupplementtheirsupportmodelssuchasgrants,incubationandindustryparksandtaxincentivesbyestablishingaplatformforfinancingwherethegovernmentshoulderssomeoftheriskandprovidesco-investment.Theycouldbeginbyprofessionallyassessingthedevelopmentopportunitiesandmarketpotentialofthecompanies,whichwillnotonlyhelpthestart-upstoovercometheirfinancialchallenges,butalsoinvestinemergingindustriesintheregion.Thegovernmentsshouldalsotreatcarefullywhenitcomestotakingmeasurestobridgetheoldindustrieswiththenewonesandprovideguidanceandincentivesforthetwotoworktogether.AttheendofthedaythegovernmentsandthemarketshouldnotberegardedastwoideologicallyopposingforcesfortheGBA.InarecentarticleinTheNewYorkTimes,JamalleBouiehaswritten:"Theinstitutionswhichprovidehealth,educationandwelfareservicesarewhollyexemptfromthemarket.Therighttoparticipateindirectmanagementoftheworkunitsoperatinginthemarketisderivedfromlabor.Therighttoparticipateindirectmanagementoftheworkunitsexemptwhollyorpartlyfromthemarketisderivedproportionallyfromlabor,ownership,andconsumptionoftheprovidedservicesandutilities."Theonlycomponent"whollyexemptfromthemarket"intheGBA'sinitialphaseshouldbegovernmentplanning,withoutwhichtheGBAcannotdevelopintoascienceandtechnologyinnovativecenter.WitmanHungisamemberoftheacademiccommitteeofChinaSilkRoadiValleyResearchInstitute;andLiangHaimingisthedeanofHainanUniversityBeltandRoadResearchInstituteandchairmanoftheChinaSilkRoadiValleyResearchInstitute.Theviewsdon'tnecessarilyrepresentthoseofChinaDaily.TheZhuhaisectionoftheHongKong-Zhuhai-MacaoBridgeinGuangdongProvince.(PhotobyZhangYouqiong/ForChinaDaily)The"OutlineDevelopmentPlan"forGuangdong-HongKong-MacaoGreaterBayArea,releasedrecently,aimstomaketheGBAaworldclassscienceandtechnologyinnovationcenter.ButhowcanGuangdongprovince,andtheHongKongandMacaospecialadministrativeregions,whichhavedifferentpoliticalsystemsand,toacertainextent,cultures,collaborateseamlesslytocreatesuchaninnovationcenterWebelievethatwhilethemarketwillbeakeydrivingforcefortheGBA'sdevelopment,thegovernmenthastoplaythekeyroleofcoordinatorandadministrativeguide.Themarketdoesplayavitalroleineconomicdevelopment,butavisionaryanddeterminedgovernmentisneededtosupplementthemarketandensurecoordinateddevelopment.First,agovernment-coordinatedplanwillpreventtheduplicationofinfrastructurefacilitiesandcut-throatcompetitionintheneighboringcities.Andmutualleveragingandinter-citycollaborationwillcreateadditionalvalueforallthethreeregionsgiventhenatureoftheirrespectiveeconomies.TheTokyoBayArea,too,facedasimilarchallenge,whichtheJapanesegovernmenttackledthroughacoordinatedplan.ThesameistruefortheSanFranciscoBayArea.Butinthelatter'scase,NGOssuchastheBayAreaCouncil,ratherthantheUnitedStatesfederalgovernment,helpedcoordinatecross-countyinfrastructureprojectssuchasrailwaysandportswiththesupportofthecountygovernments.Second,technologyandinnovationarevitalareasthegovernmentsofGuangdong,HongKongandMacaoshouldplayanimportantrolein.Theyshouldfundresearchinhighereducation,withoutwhichbuddingtalentscannotbetapped.Andsincetechnologicalinnovationprojectscarrygreatfinancialrisks,thegovernmentsshouldshoulderamajorpartofthoserisksbyactingasdefactoinsurers.Helpingentrepreneurstogetloansandprovidingthemwithfruitfuladvicearetwoareasinwhichthegovernmentsshouldplayacriticalrole.Bysodoing,theycanactasacatalystfortheGBA'seconomicgrowth.Financeisthebloodofanymodernenterprise,moresoforstart-ups.Butundertheexistingsystem,banksandfinancialinstitutionsintheGBAmaynotprovideloanstostart-upsbecausestart-upsareusually"lightinassets".Ofcourse,start-upscanreceivefundingfromventurecapitalcompanies.Butventurecapitalcompaniesusuallylookforveryhighreturnwithinafixedperiodoftime,whichnotallstart-upscanguarantee.Also,somejointventurecompaniesmaydemandequityinstart-upseitherintheformofconvertibleloansordirectequityinvestment,whichmanystart-upsmaynotagreetoforfearoflosingcontroloftheirbusinesses.Toovercomethesedifficulties,thegovernmentsofGuangdong,HongKongandMacaoshouldsupplementtheirsupportmodelssuchasgrants,incubationandindustryparksandtaxincentivesbyestablishingaplatformforfinancingwherethegovernmentshoulderssomeoftheriskandprovidesco-investment.Theycouldbeginbyprofessionallyassessingthedevelopmentopportunitiesandmarketpotentialofthecompanies,whichwillnotonlyhelpthestart-upstoovercometheirfinancialchallenges,butalsoinvestinemergingindustriesintheregion.Thegovernmentsshouldalsotreatcarefullywhenitcomestotakingmeasurestobridgetheoldindustrieswiththenewonesandprovideguidanceandincentivesforthetwotoworktogether.AttheendofthedaythegovernmentsandthemarketshouldnotberegardedastwoideologicallyopposingforcesfortheGBA.InarecentarticleinTheNewYorkTimes,JamalleBouiehaswritten:"Theinstitutionswhichprovidehealth,educationandwelfareservicesarewhollyexemptfromthemarket.Therighttoparticipateindirectmanagementoftheworkunitsoperatinginthemarketisderivedfromlabor.Therighttoparticipateindirectmanagementoftheworkunitsexemptwhollyorpartlyfromthemarketisderivedproportionallyfromlabor,ownership,andconsumptionoftheprovidedservicesandutilities."Theonlycomponent"whollyexemptfromthemarket"intheGBA'sinitialphaseshouldbegovernmentplanning,withoutwhichtheGBAcannotdevelopintoascienceandtechnologyinnovativecenter.WitmanHungisamemberoftheacademiccommitteeofChinaSilkRoadiValleyResearchInstitute;andLiangHaimingisthedeanofHainanUniversityBeltandRoadResearchInstituteandchairmanoftheChinaSilkRoadiValleyResearchInstitute.Theviewsdon'tnecessarilyrepresentthoseofChinaDaily.TheZhuhaisectionoftheHongKong-Zhuhai-MacaoBridgeinGuangdongProvince.(PhotobyZhangYouqiong/ForChinaDaily)The"OutlineDevelopmentPlan"forGuangdong-HongKong-MacaoGreaterBayArea,releasedrecently,aimstomaketheGBAaworldclassscienceandtechnologyinnovationcenter.ButhowcanGuangdongprovince,andtheHongKongandMacaospecialadministrativeregions,whichhavedifferentpoliticalsystemsand,toacertainextent,cultures,collaborateseamlesslytocreatesuchaninnovationcenterWebelievethatwhilethemarketwillbeakeydrivingforcefortheGBA'sdevelopment,thegovernmenthastoplaythekeyroleofcoordinatorandadministrativeguide.Themarketdoesplayavitalroleineconomicdevelopment,butavisionaryanddeterminedgovernmentisneededtosupplementthemarketandensurecoordinateddevelopment.First,agovernment-coordinatedplanwillpreventtheduplicationofinfrastructurefacilitiesandcut-throatcompetitionintheneighboringcities.Andmutualleveragingandinter-citycollaborationwillcreateadditionalvalueforallthethreeregionsgiventhenatureoftheirrespectiveeconomies.TheTokyoBayArea,too,facedasimilarchallenge,whichtheJapanesegovernmenttackledthroughacoordinatedplan.ThesameistruefortheSanFranciscoBayArea.Butinthelatter'scase,NGOssuchastheBayAreaCouncil,ratherthantheUnitedStatesfederalgovernment,helpedcoordinatecross-countyinfrastructureprojectssuchasrailwaysandportswiththesupportofthecountygovernments.Second,technologyandinnovationarevitalareasthegovernmentsofGuangdong,HongKongandMacaoshouldplayanimportantrolein.Theyshouldfundresearchinhighereducation,withoutwhichbuddingtalentscannotbetapped.Andsincetechnologicalinnovationprojectscarrygreatfinancialrisks,thegovernmentsshouldshoulderamajorpartofthoserisksbyactingasdefactoinsurers.Helpingentrepreneurstogetloansandprovidingthemwithfruitfuladvicearetwoareasinwhichthegovernmentsshouldplayacriticalrole.Bysodoing,theycanactasacatalystfortheGBA'seconomicgrowth.Financeisthebloodofanymodernenterprise,moresoforstart-ups.Butundertheexistingsystem,banksandfinancialinstitutionsintheGBAmaynotprovideloanstostart-upsbecausestart-upsareusually"lightinassets".Ofcourse,start-upscanreceivefundingfromventurecapitalcompanies.Butventurecapitalcompaniesusuallylookforveryhighreturnwithinafixedperiodoftime,whichnotallstart-upscanguarantee.Also,somejointventurecompaniesmaydemandequityinstart-upseitherintheformofconvertibleloansordirectequityinvestment,whichmanystart-upsmaynotagreetoforfearoflosingcontroloftheirbusinesses.Toovercomethesedifficulties,thegovernmentsofGuangdong,HongKongandMacaoshouldsupplementtheirsupportmodelssuchasgrants,incubationandindustryparksandtaxincentivesbyestablishingaplatformforfinancingwherethegovernmentshoulderssomeoftheriskandprovidesco-investment.Theycouldbeginbyprofessionallyassessingthedevelopmentopportunitiesandmarketpotentialofthecompanies,whichwillnotonlyhelpthestart-upstoovercometheirfinancialchallenges,butalsoinvestinemergingindustriesintheregion.Thegovernmentsshouldalsotreatcarefullywhenitcomestotakingmeasurestobridgetheoldindustrieswiththenewonesandprovideguidanceandincentivesforthetwotoworktogether.AttheendofthedaythegovernmentsandthemarketshouldnotberegardedastwoideologicallyopposingforcesfortheGBA.InarecentarticleinTheNewYorkTimes,JamalleBouiehaswritten:"Theinstitutionswhichprovidehealth,educationandwelfareservicesarewhollyexemptfromthemarket.Therighttoparticipateindirectmanagementoftheworkunitsoperatinginthemarketisderivedfromlabor.Therighttoparticipateindirectmanagementoftheworkunitsexemptwhollyorpartlyfromthemarketisderivedproportionallyfromlabor,ownership,andconsumptionoftheprovidedservicesandutilities."Theonlycomponent"whollyexemptfromthemarket"intheGBA'sinitialphaseshouldbegovernmentplanning,withoutwhichtheGBAcannotdevelopintoascienceandtechnologyinnovativecenter.WitmanHungisamemberoftheacademiccommitteeofChinaSilkRoadiValleyResearchInstitute;andLiangHaimingisthedeanofHainanUniversityBeltandRoadResearchInstituteandchairmanoftheChinaSilkRoadiValleyResearchInstitute.Theviewsdon'tnecessarilyrepresentthoseofChinaDaily.

Special:AwhiteyachtdepartedfromShenwanYachtDockinZhongshan,acityofChina'ssouthernGuangdongprovince,andsailedalongtheWestRiver,atributaryofPearlRiver,foraboutonehourintoPortColoaneofChina'sMacaoSpecialAdministrativeRegion(SAR).ThisisasightseeingtripbetweenMacaoSARandZhongshanundertheIndividualYachtVisitScheme.Thescheme,whichwasofficiallylaunchedtwoyearsago,startedtheindividualtourismcooperationbetweenGuangdongprovinceandMacaoSAR.Unliketheyachtsightseeinginthenichetourismmarket,thetourismcooperationofmassmarketamongGuangdong-HongKong-MacaoGreaterBayAreahasbeenmatureforalongtime.TheferryroutesbetweenthebayarearegionsandnewlybuiltHongKong-Zhuhai-MacaoBridgeweaveanetworkoftourismandleisurelifeintheregion.InFebruary2019,ChineseauthoritiesunveiledtheoutlinedevelopmentplanfortheGuangdong-HongKong-MacaoGreaterBayArea,aimingtodevelopthecityclusterintoaqualitylivingcircleforliving,working,healthcareandtraveling.ThecurrentlivingstandardandeconomydevelopmentintheGreaterBayAreahavelaidasolidgroundforachievingsuchagoal.Coveringanareaof56,000squarekm,thebayareahadacombinedpopulationofabout70millionattheendof2017anditsGrossDomesticProductpercapitareachedmorethan20,000U.S.dollarsin2017.CaoZhongxiong,thedirectoroftheNewEconomyResearchCenterwithChinaDevelopmentInstitute,saidasthevastgroupofconsumersintheareahashigherlevelsofincomes,whichformsthesocialneedsforqualityleisureandhealthcareservicesinthebayarea.Accordingtotheoutlinedevelopmentplan,tobuildaGreaterBayAreaforleisure,theareashouldpromotethedevelopmentoftourismbytakingitsgeographicadvantagesaswellasHongKong'sroleastheinternationalshippingcenter.Meanwhile,itcandevelopavarietyoftouristproducts,suchastourismforculture,history,leisureandhealth,andexploremoretransportationvehiclessuchascruiselines,yachtsandhigh-speedrailways,sothattheareacanbebuiltintoaworld-classdestinationfortourists.GentingCruiseLineshasitshomeportsinHongKong,GuangzhouandShenzhen.OneofitscruiselinetripbringsthetouristsfromNanshanofGuangzhouorHongKongtoenjoythefoodandentertainmentservicesonthecruiselineforoneday,whilethetouristscancatchaglimpseofthegreatviewalongtheHongKong-Zhuhai-MacaoBridge.ZhuFuming,presidentoftheGentingCruiseLines,saidastheGreaterBayAreahasfavorablegeographicadvantagesandvastpopulation,withhighereconomicdevelopmentlevelandspendingcapacity,thereishugepotentialfordevelopingcruiselinebusinessintheregion.Macaoisrenownedforitstourism,whichwitnessedtouristsarrivalsofmorethan35.8millionin2018.TheoutlinedevelopmentplanhassetthegoalofbuildingMacaointoaworldleisurecenter,andabaseofexchangesandcooperationofdiverseculturesdominatedbyChineseculture.However,astheGreaterBayAreahasthreecustomsjurisdictions,threecurrenciesandthreelegalregimes,itstillneedsin-depthcoordinationbetweenthethreeplacestobreakthebarriersmadebydifferentpolicyandlegalregimes.ZhengWeihang,vice-directorofChinaCruiseandYachtIndustryAssociation,saidtheGreaterBayAreahasclusteradvantagesinmanufactureindustry,whichcanintegratetheindustrialchaininZhuhai,Foshan,Zhongshan,HuizhouandDongguanwiththescienceandtechnologyresearchcapacityinHongKong,Macao,GuangzhouandShenzhen,andcouldbecomeabaseformanufactureandmaintenanceofcruisesandyachts.Accordingtotheoutlinedevelopmentplan,tobuildaGreaterBayAreaforahealthylife,theregionshouldpromotecooperationontraditionalChinesemedicinebetweenGuangdong,HongKongandMacao.Therefore,thecentralgovernmentsupportstheconstructionofStateKeyLaboratoryofQualityResearchinChineseMedicinesinMacaoandanexaminationcenterfortraditionalChinesemedicineinHongKong,andtheircooperationwithrelatedinstitutesintheChinesemainland,tomakequalitystandardsfortraditionalChinesemedicine.ThecentralgovernmentalsosupportstheconstructionofaserviceplatformfortraditionalChinesemedicine'soverseasregistrationbyGuangdong-MacaoTraditionalChineseMedicineScienceandTechnologyIndustrialPark,whichisbasedinZhuhai,topromotethehealthcareindustryanddevelopmentoftraditionalChinesemedicineintheworld.Thehealthcarecooperationofthebayareahasstartedafewdaysaftertheissueoftheoutlinedevelopmentplan.TheHealthCommissionofGuangdongProvince,theFoodandHealthBureauofHongKongSARgovernmentandtheHealthBureauofMacaoSARgovernmentjointlysignedtheHongKong-MacauGreaterBayAreaHealthProtocolandinitiated62cooperationprojects.Theprotocolcoverssixparts,includingcooperationinthehigh-qualitymedicalresource,publichealthemergency,innovationintraditionalChinesemedicine,researchanddevelopment,andpersonneleducationandtraining.ThemedicalandhealthcarecooperationbetweenGuangdongandMacaohassetupanexamplefortheGreaterBayArea.In2011,Guangdong-MacaoTraditionalChineseMedicineScienceandTechnologyIndustrialParkwasofficiallylaunchedinZhuhai'sHengqinDistrict,adevelopmentzonejointlyestablishedbygovernmentsofbothsides.Theindustrialparkhasexpandedto300,000squaremetersandhostedover100pharmaceuticalandhealthcareenterprises.IreneWongKing,aHongKongbusinesswoman,hassetupatraditionalChinesemedicineenterpriseinMacaoforyears.Afterthelaunchingoftheindustrialpark,shemovedherMacaoUnipharmGroupintotheparkandexpandedthebusinesstothemainlandmarket."HongKongandMacaobothhavesignedrEconomicPartnershipArrangement(CEPA)withthemainland,mycompany'srawmaterialsandfinalproductsenjoyzerotariff,plusmanysupportingfacilitiesandpoliciesprovidedbytheindustrialpark,"shesaid.TheoutlinedevelopmentplanalsosupportsthecooperationbetweenMacaoandZhuhaitobuildmultifunctionalprojectsinHengqinDistrictforMacaopeopletoenjoyservicesuptoMacaostandards,suchaseducation,medicalcareandelderlycare.MacaolegislatorWongKitChengcommentedthatthemedicalandsocialcaresystemsinMacaoandthemainlandbothhavetheiradvantages.TheGreaterBayAreacouldsetupacertainmechanismofalliancetomergetheirsystemstocoverthewholeregion,andpromotethemedicalandsocialcareserviceforthepeopleintheregion.(XinhuareportersGuoXininMacao,ZhuYuxuaninHongKongandYinPenginShenzhenalsocontributedtothestory.)TheZhuhaisectionoftheHongKong-Zhuhai-MacaoBridgeinGuangdongProvince.(PhotobyZhangYouqiong/ForChinaDaily)The"OutlineDevelopmentPlan"forGuangdong-HongKong-MacaoGreaterBayArea,releasedrecently,aimstomaketheGBAaworldclassscienceandtechnologyinnovationcenter.ButhowcanGuangdongprovince,andtheHongKongandMacaospecialadministrativeregions,whichhavedifferentpoliticalsystemsand,toacertainextent,cultures,collaborateseamlesslytocreatesuchaninnovationcenterWebelievethatwhilethemarketwillbeakeydrivingforcefortheGBA'sdevelopment,thegovernmenthastoplaythekeyroleofcoordinatorandadministrativeguide.Themarketdoesplayavitalroleineconomicdevelopment,butavisionaryanddeterminedgovernmentisneededtosupplementthemarketandensurecoordinateddevelopment.First,agovernment-coordinatedplanwillpreventtheduplicationofinfrastructurefacilitiesandcut-throatcompetitionintheneighboringcities.Andmutualleveragingandinter-citycollaborationwillcreateadditionalvalueforallthethreeregionsgiventhenatureoftheirrespectiveeconomies.TheTokyoBayArea,too,facedasimilarchallenge,whichtheJapanesegovernmenttackledthroughacoordinatedplan.ThesameistruefortheSanFranciscoBayArea.Butinthelatter'scase,NGOssuchastheBayAreaCouncil,ratherthantheUnitedStatesfederalgovernment,helpedcoordinatecross-countyinfrastructureprojectssuchasrailwaysandportswiththesupportofthecountygovernments.Second,technologyandinnovationarevitalareasthegovernmentsofGuangdong,HongKongandMacaoshouldplayanimportantrolein.Theyshouldfundresearchinhighereducation,withoutwhichbuddingtalentscannotbetapped.Andsincetechnologicalinnovationprojectscarrygreatfinancialrisks,thegovernmentsshouldshoulderamajorpartofthoserisksbyactingasdefactoinsurers.Helpingentrepreneurstogetloansandprovidingthemwithfruitfuladvicearetwoareasinwhichthegovernmentsshouldplayacriticalrole.Bysodoing,theycanactasacatalystfortheGBA'seconomicgrowth.Financeisthebloodofanymodernenterprise,moresoforstart-ups.Butundertheexistingsystem,banksandfinancialinstitutionsintheGBAmaynotprovideloanstostart-upsbecausestart-upsareusually"lightinassets".Ofcourse,start-upscanreceivefundingfromventurecapitalcompanies.Butventurecapitalcompaniesusuallylookforveryhighreturnwithinafixedperiodoftime,whichnotallstart-upscanguarantee.Also,somejointventurecompaniesmaydemandequityinstart-upseitherintheformofconvertibleloansordirectequityinvestment,whichmanystart-upsmaynotagreetoforfearoflosingcontroloftheirbusinesses.Toovercomethesedifficulties,thegovernmentsofGuangdong,HongKongandMacaoshouldsupplementtheirsupportmodelssuchasgrants,incubationandindustryparksandtaxincentivesbyestablishingaplatformforfinancingwherethegovernmentshoulderssomeoftheriskandprovidesco-investment.Theycouldbeginbyprofessionallyassessingthedevelopmentopportunitiesandmarketpotentialofthecompanies,whichwillnotonlyhelpthestart-upstoovercometheirfinancialchallenges,butalsoinvestinemergingindustriesintheregion.Thegovernmentsshouldalsotreatcarefullywhenitcomestotakingmeasurestobridgetheoldindustrieswiththenewonesandprovideguidanceandincentivesforthetwotoworktogether.AttheendofthedaythegovernmentsandthemarketshouldnotberegardedastwoideologicallyopposingforcesfortheGBA.InarecentarticleinTheNewYorkTimes,JamalleBouiehaswritten:"Theinstitutionswhichprovidehealth,educationandwelfareservicesarewhollyexemptfromthemarket.Therighttoparticipateindirectmanagementoftheworkunitsoperatinginthemarketisderivedfromlabor.Therighttoparticipateindirectmanagementoftheworkunitsexemptwhollyorpartlyfromthemarketisderivedproportionallyfromlabor,ownership,andconsumptionoftheprovidedservicesandutilities."Theonlycomponent"whollyexemptfromthemarket"intheGBA'sinitialphaseshouldbegovernmentplanning,withoutwhichtheGBAcannotdevelopintoascienceandtechnologyinnovativecenter.WitmanHungisamemberoftheacademiccommitteeofChinaSilkRoadiValleyResearchInstitute;andLiangHaimingisthedeanofHainanUniversityBeltandRoadResearchInstituteandchairmanoftheChinaSilkRoadiValleyResearchInstitute.Theviewsdon'tnecessarilyrepresentthoseofChinaDaily.Special:TheZhuhaisectionoftheHongKong-Zhuhai-MacaoBridgeinGuangdongprovince.(PhotobyZhangYouqiong/ForChinaDaily)TheGuangdong-HongKong-MacaoGreaterBayAreawillfosterclosercollaborationandintegrationwithintheregion,anindustryofficialsaid.VincentLoHong-sui,chairmanoftheHongKongTradeandDevelopmentCouncil,said:"It(theGBA)isakeyconceptofmakingthemembersoftheregioncloser."AccordingtoLo,theregion'scurrentGDPisabout.5trillion,equivalenttothatofSouthKorea."HongKonghasafullagenda(foritsdevelopment)andweneedtoupgradeourowneconomy,notjustsimplyfocusonfinanceorrealestate.We(HK)needtoplayanintegratedrole,"saidLo,whoisalsothechairmanofHongKong-basedShuiOnGroup."HongKonghasneverbeenstrongintechnology,butwedohavesomeadvantagesthatcanworkwiththeecosystem,suchaswithcitieslikeShenzhenincommercializingthetechnologies."LowasspeakingonthesidelinesoftheBoaoForumforAsiaAnnualConference2019thisweekinSouthChina'sHainanprovince.ThetopicofthepanelsessionwasDialoguewithThinkers:InnovationandOpenness-NewVitalityofAsianEconomies.DigitaltechnologiespromoteintegrationandcooperationinAsia,saidKhorHoeEe,chiefeconomistoftheASEAN3MacroeconomicResearchOffice."Technologyisconnectivity.Themoreconnectivitywe(Asia)have,themorebenefitswillbegeneratedandthemoresynergywewillhave,"hesaid.TheASEAN3comprisesthe10AssociationofSoutheastAsianNations,andChina,JapanandSouthKorea.The10memberstatesofASEANareIndonesia,Thailand,Vietnam,Singapore,Malaysia,thePhilippines,Myanmar,Cambodia,LaosandBrunei.Asiawillcontinuetointegrate,Khoradded,notingtheglobalchallengeofprotectionism.Hesaidtherulesofthegamemustberesetforcountriesfromdifferentregionstoworktogetherinthenameofmultilateralism.EchoingKhor'sview,DiwakarGupta,vice-presidentforprivatesectorandcofinancingoperationsattheAsianDevelopmentBank,saidmultilateralcollaborationisimportantfortheregion."Collaboration,intheend,willnotbeharmful,"hesaid,callingoncountriestoworktogethertocreate"abiggerpie".Butastechnologywillleadtojobdisplacement,Guptasaidgovernmentsandcompaniesshouldthinkabouttheredistributionofprofitsforthepublicgood.JennyShipley,formerprimeministerofNewZealand,notedthechallengesofpublicpolicyintheageof5Gtechnology."Weneedto...getpasttheanxietyofsuspicionandgettheevidence,sothatthegovernmentcanconfidentlyevaluatetheinnovationandmakedecisions,"shesaid.CarlosGutierrez,chairmanofAlbrightStonebridgeGroup,astrategicadvisoryfirm,saidcompetitioninthefieldofnewdigitaltechnologieslike5Gshouldbeaboutcompaniesversuscompanies,insteadofgovernmentsagainstgovernments."Itshouldbeacommercialadvantageforcompanies,andthisishowbusinessworks,"saidGutierrez,aformersecretaryofcommerceoftheUnitedStates."Thetechnologyisgoingtobemadebycompanies,whetherpublicorprivate,butnotgovernments."TheZhuhaisectionoftheHongKong-Zhuhai-MacaoBridgeinGuangdongProvince.(PhotobyZhangYouqiong/ForChinaDaily)The"OutlineDevelopmentPlan"forGuangdong-HongKong-MacaoGreaterBayArea,releasedrecently,aimstomaketheGBAaworldclassscienceandtechnologyinnovationcenter.ButhowcanGuangdongprovince,andtheHongKongandMacaospecialadministrativeregions,whichhavedifferentpoliticalsystemsand,toacertainextent,cultures,collaborateseamlesslytocreatesuchaninnovationcenterWebelievethatwhilethemarketwillbeakeydrivingforcefortheGBA'sdevelopment,thegovernmenthastoplaythekeyroleofcoordinatorandadministrativeguide.Themarketdoesplayavitalroleineconomicdevelopment,butavisionaryanddeterminedgovernmentisneededtosupplementthemarketandensurecoordinateddevelopment.First,agovernment-coordinatedplanwillpreventtheduplicationofinfrastructurefacilitiesandcut-throatcompetitionintheneighboringcities.Andmutualleveragingandinter-citycollaborationwillcreateadditionalvalueforallthethreeregionsgiventhenatureoftheirrespectiveeconomies.TheTokyoBayArea,too,facedasimilarchallenge,whichtheJapanesegovernmenttackledthroughacoordinatedplan.ThesameistruefortheSanFranciscoBayArea.Butinthelatter'scase,NGOssuchastheBayAreaCouncil,ratherthantheUnitedStatesfederalgovernment,helpedcoordinatecross-countyinfrastructureprojectssuchasrailwaysandportswiththesupportofthecountygovernments.Second,technologyandinnovationarevitalareasthegovernmentsofGuangdong,HongKongandMacaoshouldplayanimportantrolein.Theyshouldfundresearchinhighereducation,withoutwhichbuddingtalentscannotbetapped.Andsincetechnologicalinnovationprojectscarrygreatfinancialrisks,thegovernmentsshouldshoulderamajorpartofthoserisksbyactingasdefactoinsurers.Helpingentrepreneurstogetloansandprovidingthemwithfruitfuladvicearetwoareasinwhichthegovernmentsshouldplayacriticalrole.Bysodoing,theycanactasacatalystfortheGBA'seconomicgrowth.Financeisthebloodofanymodernenterprise,moresoforstart-ups.Butundertheexistingsystem,banksandfinancialinstitutionsintheGBAmaynotprovideloanstostart-upsbecausestart-upsareusually"lightinassets".Ofcourse,start-upscanreceivefundingfromventurecapitalcompanies.Butventurecapitalcompaniesusuallylookforveryhighreturnwithinafixedperiodoftime,whichnotallstart-upscanguarantee.Also,somejointventurecompaniesmaydemandequityinstart-upseitherintheformofconvertibleloansordirectequityinvestment,whichmanystart-upsmaynotagreetoforfearoflosingcontroloftheirbusinesses.Toovercomethesedifficulties,thegovernmentsofGuangdong,HongKongandMacaoshouldsupplementtheirsupportmodelssuchasgrants,incubationandindustryparksandtaxincentivesbyestablishingaplatformforfinancingwherethegovernmentshoulderssomeoftheriskandprovidesco-investment.Theycouldbeginbyprofessionallyassessingthedevelopmentopportunitiesandmarketpotentialofthecompanies,whichwillnotonlyhelpthestart-upstoovercometheirfinancialchallenges,butalsoinvestinemergingindustriesintheregion.Thegovernmentsshouldalsotreatcarefullywhenitcomestotakingmeasurestobridgetheoldindustrieswiththenewonesandprovideguidanceandincentivesforthetwotoworktogether.AttheendofthedaythegovernmentsandthemarketshouldnotberegardedastwoideologicallyopposingforcesfortheGBA.InarecentarticleinTheNewYorkTimes,JamalleBouiehaswritten:"Theinstitutionswhichprovidehealth,educationandwelfareservicesarewhollyexemptfromthemarket.Therighttoparticipateindirectmanagementoftheworkunitsoperatinginthemarketisderivedfromlabor.Therighttoparticipateindirectmanagementoftheworkunitsexemptwhollyorpartlyfromthemarketisderivedproportionallyfromlabor,ownership,andconsumptionoftheprovidedservicesandutilities."Theonlycomponent"whollyexemptfromthemarket"intheGBA'sinitialphaseshouldbegovernmentplanning,withoutwhichtheGBAcannotdevelopintoascienceandtechnologyinnovativecenter.WitmanHungisamemberoftheacademiccommitteeofChinaSilkRoadiValleyResearchInstitute;andLiangHaimingisthedeanofHainanUniversityBeltandRoadResearchInstituteandchairmanoftheChinaSilkRoadiValleyResearchInstitute.Theviewsdon'tnecessarilyrepresentthoseofChinaDaily.

Special:AwhiteyachtdepartedfromShenwanYachtDockinZhongshan,acityofChina'ssouthernGuangdongprovince,andsailedalongtheWestRiver,atributaryofPearlRiver,foraboutonehourintoPortColoaneofChina'sMacaoSpecialAdministrativeRegion(SAR).ThisisasightseeingtripbetweenMacaoSARandZhongshanundertheIndividualYachtVisitScheme.Thescheme,whichwasofficiallylaunchedtwoyearsago,startedtheindividualtourismcooperationbetweenGuangdongprovinceandMacaoSAR.Unliketheyachtsightseeinginthenichetourismmarket,thetourismcooperationofmassmarketamongGuangdong-HongKong-MacaoGreaterBayAreahasbeenmatureforalongtime.TheferryroutesbetweenthebayarearegionsandnewlybuiltHongKong-Zhuhai-MacaoBridgeweaveanetworkoftourismandleisurelifeintheregion.InFebruary2019,ChineseauthoritiesunveiledtheoutlinedevelopmentplanfortheGuangdong-HongKong-MacaoGreaterBayArea,aimingtodevelopthecityclusterintoaqualitylivingcircleforliving,working,healthcareandtraveling.ThecurrentlivingstandardandeconomydevelopmentintheGreaterBayAreahavelaidasolidgroundforachievingsuchagoal.Coveringanareaof56,000squarekm,thebayareahadacombinedpopulationofabout70millionattheendof2017anditsGrossDomesticProductpercapitareachedmorethan20,000U.S.dollarsin2017.CaoZhongxiong,thedirectoroftheNewEconomyResearchCenterwithChinaDevelopmentInstitute,saidasthevastgroupofconsumersintheareahashigherlevelsofincomes,whichformsthesocialneedsforqualityleisureandhealthcareservicesinthebayarea.Accordingtotheoutlinedevelopmentplan,tobuildaGreaterBayAreaforleisure,theareashouldpromotethedevelopmentoftourismbytakingitsgeographicadvantagesaswellasHongKong'sroleastheinternationalshippingcenter.Meanwhile,itcandevelopavarietyoftouristproducts,suchastourismforculture,history,leisureandhealth,andexploremoretransportationvehiclessuchascruiselines,yachtsandhigh-speedrailways,sothattheareacanbebuiltintoaworld-classdestinationfortourists.GentingCruiseLineshasitshomeportsinHongKong,GuangzhouandShenzhen.OneofitscruiselinetripbringsthetouristsfromNanshanofGuangzhouorHongKongtoenjoythefoodandentertainmentservicesonthecruiselineforoneday,whilethetouristscancatchaglimpseofthegreatviewalongtheHongKong-Zhuhai-MacaoBridge.ZhuFuming,presidentoftheGentingCruiseLines,saidastheGreaterBayAreahasfavorablegeographicadvantagesandvastpopulation,withhighereconomicdevelopmentlevelandspendingcapacity,thereishugepotentialfordevelopingcruiselinebusinessintheregion.Macaoisrenownedforitstourism,whichwitnessedtouristsarrivalsofmorethan35.8millionin2018.TheoutlinedevelopmentplanhassetthegoalofbuildingMacaointoaworldleisurecenter,andabaseofexchangesandcooperationofdiverseculturesdominatedbyChineseculture.However,astheGreaterBayAreahasthreecustomsjurisdictions,threecurrenciesandthreelegalregimes,itstillneedsin-depthcoordinationbetweenthethreeplacestobreakthebarriersmadebydifferentpolicyandlegalregimes.ZhengWeihang,vice-directorofChinaCruiseandYachtIndustryAssociation,saidtheGreaterBayAreahasclusteradvantagesinmanufactureindustry,whichcanintegratetheindustrialchaininZhuhai,Foshan,Zhongshan,HuizhouandDongguanwiththescienceandtechnologyresearchcapacityinHongKong,Macao,GuangzhouandShenzhen,andcouldbecomeabaseformanufactureandmaintenanceofcruisesandyachts.Accordingtotheoutlinedevelopmentplan,tobuildaGreaterBayAreaforahealthylife,theregionshouldpromotecooperationontraditionalChinesemedicinebetweenGuangdong,HongKongandMacao.Therefore,thecentralgovernmentsupportstheconstructionofStateKeyLaboratoryofQualityResearchinChineseMedicinesinMacaoandanexaminationcenterfortraditionalChinesemedicineinHongKong,andtheircooperationwithrelatedinstitutesintheChinesemainland,tomakequalitystandardsfortraditionalChinesemedicine.ThecentralgovernmentalsosupportstheconstructionofaserviceplatformfortraditionalChinesemedicine'soverseasregistrationbyGuangdong-MacaoTraditionalChineseMedicineScienceandTechnologyIndustrialPark,whichisbasedinZhuhai,topromotethehealthcareindustryanddevelopmentoftraditionalChinesemedicineintheworld.Thehealthcarecooperationofthebayareahasstartedafewdaysaftertheissueoftheoutlinedevelopmentplan.TheHealthCommissionofGuangdongProvince,theFoodandHealthBureauofHongKongSARgovernmentandtheHealthBureauofMacaoSARgovernmentjointlysignedtheHongKong-MacauGreaterBayAreaHealthProtocolandinitiated62cooperationprojects.Theprotocolcoverssixparts,includingcooperationinthehigh-qualitymedicalresource,publichealthemergency,innovationintraditionalChinesemedicine,researchanddevelopment,andpersonneleducationandtraining.ThemedicalandhealthcarecooperationbetweenGuangdongandMacaohassetupanexamplefortheGreaterBayArea.In2011,Guangdong-MacaoTraditionalChineseMedicineScienceandTechnologyIndustrialParkwasofficiallylaunchedinZhuhai'sHengqinDistrict,adevelopmentzonejointlyestablishedbygovernmentsofbothsides.Theindustrialparkhasexpandedto300,000squaremetersandhostedover100pharmaceuticalandhealthcareenterprises.IreneWongKing,aHongKongbusinesswoman,hassetupatraditionalChinesemedicineenterpriseinMacaoforyears.Afterthelaunchingoftheindustrialpark,shemovedherMacaoUnipharmGroupintotheparkandexpandedthebusinesstothemainlandmarket."HongKongandMacaobothhavesignedrEconomicPartnershipArrangement(CEPA)withthemainland,mycompany'srawmaterialsandfinalproductsenjoyzerotariff,plusmanysupportingfacilitiesandpoliciesprovidedbytheindustrialpark,"shesaid.TheoutlinedevelopmentplanalsosupportsthecooperationbetweenMacaoandZhuhaitobuildmultifunctionalprojectsinHengqinDistrictforMacaopeopletoenjoyservicesuptoMacaostandards,suchaseducation,medicalcareandelderlycare.MacaolegislatorWongKitChengcommentedthatthemedicalandsocialcaresystemsinMacaoandthemainlandbothhavetheiradvantages.TheGreaterBayAreacouldsetupacertainmechanismofalliancetomergetheirsystemstocoverthewholeregion,andpromotethemedicalandsocialcareserviceforthepeopleintheregion.(XinhuareportersGuoXininMacao,ZhuYuxuaninHongKongandYinPenginShenzhenalsocontributedtothestory.)Special:TheZhuhaisectionoftheHongKong-Zhuhai-MacaoBridgeinGuangdongprovince.(PhotobyZhangYouqiong/ForChinaDaily)TheGuangdong-HongKong-MacaoGreaterBayAreawillfosterclosercollaborationandintegrationwithintheregion,anindustryofficialsaid.VincentLoHong-sui,chairmanoftheHongKongTradeandDevelopmentCouncil,said:"It(theGBA)isakeyconceptofmakingthemembersoftheregioncloser."AccordingtoLo,theregion'scurrentGDPisabout.5trillion,equivalenttothatofSouthKorea."HongKonghasafullagenda(foritsdevelopment)andweneedtoupgradeourowneconomy,notjustsimplyfocusonfinanceorrealestate.We(HK)needtoplayanintegratedrole,"saidLo,whoisalsothechairmanofHongKong-basedShuiOnGroup."HongKonghasneverbeenstrongintechnology,butwedohavesomeadvantagesthatcanworkwiththeecosystem,suchaswithcitieslikeShenzhenincommercializingthetechnologies."LowasspeakingonthesidelinesoftheBoaoForumforAsiaAnnualConference2019thisweekinSouthChina'sHainanprovince.ThetopicofthepanelsessionwasDialoguewithThinkers:InnovationandOpenness-NewVitalityofAsianEconomies.DigitaltechnologiespromoteintegrationandcooperationinAsia,saidKhorHoeEe,chiefeconomistoftheASEAN3MacroeconomicResearchOffice."Technologyisconnectivity.Themoreconnectivitywe(Asia)have,themorebenefitswillbegeneratedandthemoresynergywewillhave,"hesaid.TheASEAN3comprisesthe10AssociationofSoutheastAsianNations,andChina,JapanandSouthKorea.The10memberstatesofASEANareIndonesia,Thailand,Vietnam,Singapore,Malaysia,thePhilippines,Myanmar,Cambodia,LaosandBrunei.Asiawillcontinuetointegrate,Khoradded,notingtheglobalchallengeofprotectionism.Hesaidtherulesofthegamemustberesetforcountriesfromdifferentregionstoworktogetherinthenameofmultilateralism.EchoingKhor'sview,DiwakarGupta,vice-presidentforprivatesectorandcofinancingoperationsattheAsianDevelopmentBank,saidmultilateralcollaborationisimportantfortheregion."Collaboration,intheend,willnotbeharmful,"hesaid,callingoncountriestoworktogethertocreate"abiggerpie".Butastechnologywillleadtojobdisplacement,Guptasaidgovernmentsandcompaniesshouldthinkabouttheredistributionofprofitsforthepublicgood.JennyShipley,formerprimeministerofNewZealand,notedthechallengesofpublicpolicyintheageof5Gtechnology."Weneedto...getpasttheanxietyofsuspicionandgettheevidence,sothatthegovernmentcanconfidentlyevaluatetheinnovationandmakedecisions,"shesaid.CarlosGutierrez,chairmanofAlbrightStonebridgeGroup,astrategicadvisoryfirm,saidcompetitioninthefieldofnewdigitaltechnologieslike5Gshouldbeaboutcompaniesversuscompanies,insteadofgovernmentsagainstgovernments."Itshouldbeacommercialadvantageforcompanies,andthisishowbusinessworks,"saidGutierrez,aformersecretaryofcommerceoftheUnitedStates."Thetechnologyisgoingtobemadebycompanies,whetherpublicorprivate,butnotgovernments."Special:AwhiteyachtdepartedfromShenwanYachtDockinZhongshan,acityofChina'ssouthernGuangdongprovince,andsailedalongtheWestRiver,atributaryofPearlRiver,foraboutonehourintoPortColoaneofChina'sMacaoSpecialAdministrativeRegion(SAR).ThisisasightseeingtripbetweenMacaoSARandZhongshanundertheIndividualYachtVisitScheme.Thescheme,whichwasofficiallylaunchedtwoyearsago,startedtheindividualtourismcooperationbetweenGuangdongprovinceandMacaoSAR.Unliketheyachtsightseeinginthenichetourismmarket,thetourismcooperationofmassmarketamongGuangdong-HongKong-MacaoGreaterBayAreahasbeenmatureforalongtime.TheferryroutesbetweenthebayarearegionsandnewlybuiltHongKong-Zhuhai-MacaoBridgeweaveanetworkoftourismandleisurelifeintheregion.InFebruary2019,ChineseauthoritiesunveiledtheoutlinedevelopmentplanfortheGuangdong-HongKong-MacaoGreaterBayArea,aimingtodevelopthecityclusterintoaqualitylivingcircleforliving,working,healthcareandtraveling.ThecurrentlivingstandardandeconomydevelopmentintheGreaterBayAreahavelaidasolidgroundforachievingsuchagoal.Coveringanareaof56,000squarekm,thebayareahadacombinedpopulationofabout70millionattheendof2017anditsGrossDomesticProductpercapitareachedmorethan20,000U.S.dollarsin2017.CaoZhongxiong,thedirectoroftheNewEconomyResearchCenterwithChinaDevelopmentInstitute,saidasthevastgroupofconsumersintheareahashigherlevelsofincomes,whichformsthesocialneedsforqualityleisureandhealthcareservicesinthebayarea.Accordingtotheoutlinedevelopmentplan,tobuildaGreaterBayAreaforleisure,theareashouldpromotethedevelopmentoftourismbytakingitsgeographicadvantagesaswellasHongKong'sroleastheinternationalshippingcenter.Meanwhile,itcandevelopavarietyoftouristproducts,suchastourismforculture,history,leisureandhealth,andexploremoretransportationvehiclessuchascruiselines,yachtsandhigh-speedrailways,sothattheareacanbebuiltintoaworld-classdestinationfortourists.GentingCruiseLineshasitshomeportsinHongKong,GuangzhouandShenzhen.OneofitscruiselinetripbringsthetouristsfromNanshanofGuangzhouorHongKongtoenjoythefoodandentertainmentservicesonthecruiselineforoneday,whilethetouristscancatchaglimpseofthegreatviewalongtheHongKong-Zhuhai-MacaoBridge.ZhuFuming,presidentoftheGentingCruiseLines,saidastheGreaterBayAreahasfavorablegeographicadvantagesandvastpopulation,withhighereconomicdevelopmentlevelandspendingcapacity,thereishugepotentialfordevelopingcruiselinebusinessintheregion.Macaoisrenownedforitstourism,whichwitnessedtouristsarrivalsofmorethan35.8millionin2018.TheoutlinedevelopmentplanhassetthegoalofbuildingMacaointoaworldleisurecenter,andabaseofexchangesandcooperationofdiverseculturesdominatedbyChineseculture.However,astheGreaterBayAreahasthreecustomsjurisdictions,threecurrenciesandthreelegalregimes,itstillneedsin-depthcoordinationbetweenthethreeplacestobreakthebarriersmadebydifferentpolicyandlegalregimes.ZhengWeihang,vice-directorofChinaCruiseandYachtIndustryAssociation,saidtheGreaterBayAreahasclusteradvantagesinmanufactureindustry,whichcanintegratetheindustrialchaininZhuhai,Foshan,Zhongshan,HuizhouandDongguanwiththescienceandtechnologyresearchcapacityinHongKong,Macao,GuangzhouandShenzhen,andcouldbecomeabaseformanufactureandmaintenanceofcruisesandyachts.Accordingtotheoutlinedevelopmentplan,tobuildaGreaterBayAreaforahealthylife,theregionshouldpromotecooperationontraditionalChinesemedicinebetweenGuangdong,HongKongandMacao.Therefore,thecentralgovernmentsupportstheconstructionofStateKeyLaboratoryofQualityResearchinChineseMedicinesinMacaoandanexaminationcenterfortraditionalChinesemedicineinHongKong,andtheircooperationwithrelatedinstitutesintheChinesemainland,tomakequalitystandardsfortraditionalChinesemedicine.ThecentralgovernmentalsosupportstheconstructionofaserviceplatformfortraditionalChinesemedicine'soverseasregistrationbyGuangdong-MacaoTraditionalChineseMedicineScienceandTechnologyIndustrialPark,whichisbasedinZhuhai,topromotethehealthcareindustryanddevelopmentoftraditionalChinesemedicineintheworld.Thehealthcarecooperationofthebayareahasstartedafewdaysaftertheissueoftheoutlinedevelopmentplan.TheHealthCommissionofGuangdongProvince,theFoodandHealthBureauofHongKongSARgovernmentandtheHealthBureauofMacaoSARgovernmentjointlysignedtheHongKong-MacauGreaterBayAreaHealthProtocolandinitiated62cooperationprojects.Theprotocolcoverssixparts,includingcooperationinthehigh-qualitymedicalresource,publichealthemergency,innovationintraditionalChinesemedicine,researchanddevelopment,andpersonneleducationandtraining.ThemedicalandhealthcarecooperationbetweenGuangdongandMacaohassetupanexamplefortheGreaterBayArea.In2011,Guangdong-MacaoTraditionalChineseMedicineScienceandTechnologyIndustrialParkwasofficiallylaunchedinZhuhai'sHengqinDistrict,adevelopmentzonejointlyestablishedbygovernmentsofbothsides.Theindustrialparkhasexpandedto300,000squaremetersandhostedover100pharmaceuticalandhealthcareenterprises.IreneWongKing,aHongKongbusinesswoman,hassetupatraditionalChinesemedicineenterpriseinMacaoforyears.Afterthelaunchingoftheindustrialpark,shemovedherMacaoUnipharmGroupintotheparkandexpandedthebusinesstothemainlandmarket."HongKongandMacaobothhavesignedrEconomicPartnershipArrangement(CEPA)withthemainland,mycompany'srawmaterialsandfinalproductsenjoyzerotariff,plusmanysupportingfacilitiesandpoliciesprovidedbytheindustrialpark,"shesaid.TheoutlinedevelopmentplanalsosupportsthecooperationbetweenMacaoandZhuhaitobuildmultifunctionalprojectsinHengqinDistrictforMacaopeopletoenjoyservicesuptoMacaostandards,suchaseducation,medicalcareandelderlycare.MacaolegislatorWongKitChengcommentedthatthemedicalandsocialcaresystemsinMacaoandthemainlandbothhavetheiradvantages.TheGreaterBayAreacouldsetupacertainmechanismofalliancetomergetheirsystemstocoverthewholeregion,andpromotethemedicalandsocialcareserviceforthepeopleintheregion.(XinhuareportersGuoXininMacao,ZhuYuxuaninHongKongandYinPenginShenzhenalsocontributedtothestory.)

Special:AwhiteyachtdepartedfromShenwanYachtDockinZhongshan,acityofChina'ssouthernGuangdongprovince,andsailedalongtheWestRiver,atributaryofPearlRiver,foraboutonehourintoPortColoaneofChina'sMacaoSpecialAdministrativeRegion(SAR).ThisisasightseeingtripbetweenMacaoSARandZhongshanundertheIndividualYachtVisitScheme.Thescheme,whichwasofficiallylaunchedtwoyearsago,startedtheindividualtourismcooperationbetweenGuangdongprovinceandMacaoSAR.Unliketheyachtsightseeinginthenichetourismmarket,thetourismcooperationofmassmarketamongGuangdong-HongKong-MacaoGreaterBayAreahasbeenmatureforalongtime.TheferryroutesbetweenthebayarearegionsandnewlybuiltHongKong-Zhuhai-MacaoBridgeweaveanetworkoftourismandleisurelifeintheregion.InFebruary2019,ChineseauthoritiesunveiledtheoutlinedevelopmentplanfortheGuangdong-HongKong-MacaoGreaterBayArea,aimingtodevelopthecityclusterintoaqualitylivingcircleforliving,working,healthcareandtraveling.ThecurrentlivingstandardandeconomydevelopmentintheGreaterBayAreahavelaidasolidgroundforachievingsuchagoal.Coveringanareaof56,000squarekm,thebayareahadacombinedpopulationofabout70millionattheendof2017anditsGrossDomesticProductpercapitareachedmorethan20,000U.S.dollarsin2017.CaoZhongxiong,thedirectoroftheNewEconomyResearchCenterwithChinaDevelopmentInstitute,saidasthevastgroupofconsumersintheareahashigherlevelsofincomes,whichformsthesocialneedsforqualityleisureandhealthcareservicesinthebayarea.Accordingtotheoutlinedevelopmentplan,tobuildaGreaterBayAreaforleisure,theareashouldpromotethedevelopmentoftourismbytakingitsgeographicadvantagesaswellasHongKong'sroleastheinternationalshippingcenter.Meanwhile,itcandevelopavarietyoftouristproducts,suchastourismforculture,history,leisureandhealth,andexploremoretransportationvehiclessuchascruiselines,yachtsandhigh-speedrailways,sothattheareacanbebuiltintoaworld-classdestinationfortourists.GentingCruiseLineshasitshomeportsinHongKong,GuangzhouandShenzhen.OneofitscruiselinetripbringsthetouristsfromNanshanofGuangzhouorHongKongtoenjoythefoodandentertainmentservicesonthecruiselineforoneday,whilethetouristscancatchaglimpseofthegreatviewalongtheHongKong-Zhuhai-MacaoBridge.ZhuFuming,presidentoftheGentingCruiseLines,saidastheGreaterBayAreahasfavorablegeographicadvantagesandvastpopulation,withhighereconomicdevelopmentlevelandspendingcapacity,thereishugepotentialfordevelopingcruiselinebusinessintheregion.Macaoisrenownedforitstourism,whichwitnessedtouristsarrivalsofmorethan35.8millionin2018.TheoutlinedevelopmentplanhassetthegoalofbuildingMacaointoaworldleisurecenter,andabaseofexchangesandcooperationofdiverseculturesdominatedbyChineseculture.However,astheGreaterBayAreahasthreecustomsjurisdictions,threecurrenciesandthreelegalregimes,itstillneedsin-depthcoordinationbetweenthethreeplacestobreakthebarriersmadebydifferentpolicyandlegalregimes.ZhengWeihang,vice-directorofChinaCruiseandYachtIndustryAssociation,saidtheGreaterBayAreahasclusteradvantagesinmanufactureindustry,whichcanintegratetheindustrialchaininZhuhai,Foshan,Zhongshan,HuizhouandDongguanwiththescienceandtechnologyresearchcapacityinHongKong,Macao,GuangzhouandShenzhen,andcouldbecomeabaseformanufactureandmaintenanceofcruisesandyachts.Accordingtotheoutlinedevelopmentplan,tobuildaGreaterBayAreaforahealthylife,theregionshouldpromotecooperationontraditionalChinesemedicinebetweenGuangdong,HongKongandMacao.Therefore,thecentralgovernmentsupportstheconstructionofStateKeyLaboratoryofQualityResearchinChineseMedicinesinMacaoandanexaminationcenterfortraditionalChinesemedicineinHongKong,andtheircooperationwithrelatedinstitutesintheChinesemainland,tomakequalitystandardsfortraditionalChinesemedicine.ThecentralgovernmentalsosupportstheconstructionofaserviceplatformfortraditionalChinesemedicine'soverseasregistrationbyGuangdong-MacaoTraditionalChineseMedicineScienceandTechnologyIndustrialPark,whichisbasedinZhuhai,topromotethehealthcareindustryanddevelopmentoftraditionalChinesemedicineintheworld.Thehealthcarecooperationofthebayareahasstartedafewdaysaftertheissueoftheoutlinedevelopmentplan.TheHealthCommissionofGuangdongProvince,theFoodandHealthBureauofHongKongSARgovernmentandtheHealthBureauofMacaoSARgovernmentjointlysignedtheHongKong-MacauGreaterBayAreaHealthProtocolandinitiated62cooperationprojects.Theprotocolcoverssixparts,includingcooperationinthehigh-qualitymedicalresource,publichealthemergency,innovationintraditionalChinesemedicine,researchanddevelopment,andpersonneleducationandtraining.ThemedicalandhealthcarecooperationbetweenGuangdongandMacaohassetupanexamplefortheGreaterBayArea.In2011,Guangdong-MacaoTraditionalChineseMedicineScienceandTechnologyIndustrialParkwasofficiallylaunchedinZhuhai'sHengqinDistrict,adevelopmentzonejointlyestablishedbygovernmentsofbothsides.Theindustrialparkhasexpandedto300,000squaremetersandhostedover100pharmaceuticalandhealthcareenterprises.IreneWongKing,aHongKongbusinesswoman,hassetupatraditionalChinesemedicineenterpriseinMacaoforyears.Afterthelaunchingoftheindustrialpark,shemovedherMacaoUnipharmGroupintotheparkandexpandedthebusinesstothemainlandmarket."HongKongandMacaobothhavesignedrEconomicPartnershipArrangement(CEPA)withthemainland,mycompany'srawmaterialsandfinalproductsenjoyzerotariff,plusmanysupportingfacilitiesandpoliciesprovidedbytheindustrialpark,"shesaid.TheoutlinedevelopmentplanalsosupportsthecooperationbetweenMacaoandZhuhaitobuildmultifunctionalprojectsinHengqinDistrictforMacaopeopletoenjoyservicesuptoMacaostandards,suchaseducation,medicalcareandelderlycare.MacaolegislatorWongKitChengcommentedthatthemedicalandsocialcaresystemsinMacaoandthemainlandbothhavetheiradvantages.TheGreaterBayAreacouldsetupacertainmechanismofalliancetomergetheirsystemstocoverthewholeregion,andpromotethemedicalandsocialcareserviceforthepeopleintheregion.(XinhuareportersGuoXininMacao,ZhuYuxuaninHongKongandYinPenginShenzhenalsocontributedtothestory.)Special:AwhiteyachtdepartedfromShenwanYachtDockinZhongshan,acityofChina'ssouthernGuangdongprovince,andsailedalongtheWestRiver,atributaryofPearlRiver,foraboutonehourintoPortColoaneofChina'sMacaoSpecialAdministrativeRegion(SAR).ThisisasightseeingtripbetweenMacaoSARandZhongshanundertheIndividualYachtVisitScheme.Thescheme,whichwasofficiallylaunchedtwoyearsago,startedtheindividualtourismcooperationbetweenGuangdongprovinceandMacaoSAR.Unliketheyachtsightseeinginthenichetourismmarket,thetourismcooperationofmassmarketamongGuangdong-HongKong-MacaoGreaterBayAreahasbeenmatureforalongtime.TheferryroutesbetweenthebayarearegionsandnewlybuiltHongKong-Zhuhai-MacaoBridgeweaveanetworkoftourismandleisurelifeintheregion.InFebruary2019,ChineseauthoritiesunveiledtheoutlinedevelopmentplanfortheGuangdong-HongKong-MacaoGreaterBayArea,aimingtodevelopthecityclusterintoaqualitylivingcircleforliving,working,healthcareandtraveling.ThecurrentlivingstandardandeconomydevelopmentintheGreaterBayAreahavelaidasolidgroundforachievingsuchagoal.Coveringanareaof56,000squarekm,thebayareahadacombinedpopulationofabout70millionattheendof2017anditsGrossDomesticProductpercapitareachedmorethan20,000U.S.dollarsin2017.CaoZhongxiong,thedirectoroftheNewEconomyResearchCenterwithChinaDevelopmentInstitute,saidasthevastgroupofconsumersintheareahashigherlevelsofincomes,whichformsthesocialneedsforqualityleisureandhealthcareservicesinthebayarea.Accordingtotheoutlinedevelopmentplan,tobuildaGreaterBayAreaforleisure,theareashouldpromotethedevelopmentoftourismbytakingitsgeographicadvantagesaswellasHongKong'sroleastheinternationalshippingcenter.Meanwhile,itcandevelopavarietyoftouristproducts,suchastourismforculture,history,leisureandhealth,andexploremoretransportationvehiclessuchascruiselines,yachtsandhigh-speedrailways,sothattheareacanbebuiltintoaworld-classdestinationfortourists.GentingCruiseLineshasitshomeportsinHongKong,GuangzhouandShenzhen.OneofitscruiselinetripbringsthetouristsfromNanshanofGuangzhouorHongKongtoenjoythefoodandentertainmentservicesonthecruiselineforoneday,whilethetouristscancatchaglimpseofthegreatviewalongtheHongKong-Zhuhai-MacaoBridge.ZhuFuming,presidentoftheGentingCruiseLines,saidastheGreaterBayAreahasfavorablegeographicadvantagesandvastpopulation,withhighereconomicdevelopmentlevelandspendingcapacity,thereishugepotentialfordevelopingcruiselinebusinessintheregion.Macaoisrenownedforitstourism,whichwitnessedtouristsarrivalsofmorethan35.8millionin2018.TheoutlinedevelopmentplanhassetthegoalofbuildingMacaointoaworldleisurecenter,andabaseofexchangesandcooperationofdiverseculturesdominatedbyChineseculture.However,astheGreaterBayAreahasthreecustomsjurisdictions,threecurrenciesandthreelegalregimes,itstillneedsin-depthcoordinationbetweenthethreeplacestobreakthebarriersmadebydifferentpolicyandlegalregimes.ZhengWeihang,vice-directorofChinaCruiseandYachtIndustryAssociation,saidtheGreaterBayAreahasclusteradvantagesinmanufactureindustry,whichcanintegratetheindustrialchaininZhuhai,Foshan,Zhongshan,HuizhouandDongguanwiththescienceandtechnologyresearchcapacityinHongKong,Macao,GuangzhouandShenzhen,andcouldbecomeabaseformanufactureandmaintenanceofcruisesandyachts.Accordingtotheoutlinedevelopmentplan,tobuildaGreaterBayAreaforahealthylife,theregionshouldpromotecooperationontraditionalChinesemedicinebetweenGuangdong,HongKongandMacao.Therefore,thecentralgovernmentsupportstheconstructionofStateKeyLaboratoryofQualityResearchinChineseMedicinesinMacaoandanexaminationcenterfortraditionalChinesemedicineinHongKong,andtheircooperationwithrelatedinstitutesintheChinesemainland,tomakequalitystandardsfortraditionalChinesemedicine.ThecentralgovernmentalsosupportstheconstructionofaserviceplatformfortraditionalChinesemedicine'soverseasregistrationbyGuangdong-MacaoTraditionalChineseMedicineScienceandTechnologyIndustrialPark,whichisbasedinZhuhai,topromotethehealthcareindustryanddevelopmentoftraditionalChinesemedicineintheworld.Thehealthcarecooperationofthebayareahasstartedafewdaysaftertheissueoftheoutlinedevelopmentplan.TheHealthCommissionofGuangdongProvince,theFoodandHealthBureauofHongKongSARgovernmentandtheHealthBureauofMacaoSARgovernmentjointlysignedtheHongKong-MacauGreaterBayAreaHealthProtocolandinitiated62cooperationprojects.Theprotocolcoverssixparts,includingcooperationinthehigh-qualitymedicalresource,publichealthemergency,innovationintraditionalChinesemedicine,researchanddevelopment,andpersonneleducationandtraining.ThemedicalandhealthcarecooperationbetweenGuangdongandMacaohassetupanexamplefortheGreaterBayArea.In2011,Guangdong-MacaoTraditionalChineseMedicineScienceandTechnologyIndustrialParkwasofficiallylaunchedinZhuhai'sHengqinDistrict,adevelopmentzonejointlyestablishedbygovernmentsofbothsides.Theindustrialparkhasexpandedto300,000squaremetersandhostedover100pharmaceuticalandhealthcareenterprises.IreneWongKing,aHongKongbusinesswoman,hassetupatraditionalChinesemedicineenterpriseinMacaoforyears.Afterthelaunchingoftheindustrialpark,shemovedherMacaoUnipharmGroupintotheparkandexpandedthebusinesstothemainlandmarket."HongKongandMacaobothhavesignedrEconomicPartnershipArrangement(CEPA)withthemainland,mycompany'srawmaterialsandfinalproductsenjoyzerotariff,plusmanysupportingfacilitiesandpoliciesprovidedbytheindustrialpark,"shesaid.TheoutlinedevelopmentplanalsosupportsthecooperationbetweenMacaoandZhuhaitobuildmultifunctionalprojectsinHengqinDistrictforMacaopeopletoenjoyservicesuptoMacaostandards,suchaseducation,medicalcareandelderlycare.MacaolegislatorWongKitChengcommentedthatthemedicalandsocialcaresystemsinMacaoandthemainlandbothhavetheiradvantages.TheGreaterBayAreacouldsetupacertainmechanismofalliancetomergetheirsystemstocoverthewholeregion,andpromotethemedicalandsocialcareserviceforthepeopleintheregion.(XinhuareportersGuoXininMacao,ZhuYuxuaninHongKongandYinPenginShenzhenalsocontributedtothestory.)TheZhuhaisectionoftheHongKong-Zhuhai-MacaoBridgeinGuangdongProvince.(PhotobyZhangYouqiong/ForChinaDaily)The"OutlineDevelopmentPlan"forGuangdong-HongKong-MacaoGreaterBayArea,releasedrecently,aimstomaketheGBAaworldclassscienceandtechnologyinnovationcenter.ButhowcanGuangdongprovince,andtheHongKongandMacaospecialadministrativeregions,whichhavedifferentpoliticalsystemsand,toacertainextent,cultures,collaborateseamlesslytocreatesuchaninnovationcenterWebelievethatwhilethemarketwillbeakeydrivingforcefortheGBA'sdevelopment,thegovernmenthastoplaythekeyroleofcoordinatorandadministrativeguide.Themarketdoesplayavitalroleineconomicdevelopment,butavisionaryanddeterminedgovernmentisneededtosupplementthemarketandensurecoordinateddevelopment.First,agovernment-coordinatedplanwillpreventtheduplicationofinfrastructurefacilitiesandcut-throatcompetitionintheneighboringcities.Andmutualleveragingandinter-citycollaborationwillcreateadditionalvalueforallthethreeregionsgiventhenatureoftheirrespectiveeconomies.TheTokyoBayArea,too,facedasimilarchallenge,whichtheJapanesegovernmenttackledthroughacoordinatedplan.ThesameistruefortheSanFranciscoBayArea.Butinthelatter'scase,NGOssuchastheBayAreaCouncil,ratherthantheUnitedStatesfederalgovernment,helpedcoordinatecross-countyinfrastructureprojectssuchasrailwaysandportswiththesupportofthecountygovernments.Second,technologyandinnovationarevitalareasthegovernmentsofGuangdong,HongKongandMacaoshouldplayanimportantrolein.Theyshouldfundresearchinhighereducation,withoutwhichbuddingtalentscannotbetapped.Andsincetechnologicalinnovationprojectscarrygreatfinancialrisks,thegovernmentsshouldshoulderamajorpartofthoserisksbyactingasdefactoinsurers.Helpingentrepreneurstogetloansandprovidingthemwithfruitfuladvicearetwoareasinwhichthegovernmentsshouldplayacriticalrole.Bysodoing,theycanactasacatalystfortheGBA'seconomicgrowth.Financeisthebloodofanymodernenterprise,moresoforstart-ups.Butundertheexistingsystem,banksandfinancialinstitutionsintheGBAmaynotprovideloanstostart-upsbecausestart-upsareusually"lightinassets".Ofcourse,start-upscanreceivefundingfromventurecapitalcompanies.Butventurecapitalcompaniesusuallylookforveryhighreturnwithinafixedperiodoftime,whichnotallstart-upscanguarantee.Also,somejointventurecompaniesmaydemandequityinstart-upseitherintheformofconvertibleloansordirectequityinvestment,whichmanystart-upsmaynotagreetoforfearoflosingcontroloftheirbusinesses.Toovercomethesedifficulties,thegovernmentsofGuangdong,HongKongandMacaoshouldsupplementtheirsupportmodelssuchasgrants,incubationandindustryparksandtaxincentivesbyestablishingaplatformforfinancingwherethegovernmentshoulderssomeoftheriskandprovidesco-investment.Theycouldbeginbyprofessionallyassessingthedevelopmentopportunitiesandmarketpotentialofthecompanies,whichwillnotonlyhelpthestart-upstoovercometheirfinancialchallenges,butalsoinvestinemergingindustriesintheregion.Thegovernmentsshouldalsotreatcarefullywhenitcomestotakingmeasurestobridgetheoldindustrieswiththenewonesandprovideguidanceandincentivesforthetwotoworktogether.AttheendofthedaythegovernmentsandthemarketshouldnotberegardedastwoideologicallyopposingforcesfortheGBA.InarecentarticleinTheNewYorkTimes,JamalleBouiehaswritten:"Theinstitutionswhichprovidehealth,educationandwelfareservicesarewhollyexemptfromthemarket.Therighttoparticipateindirectmanagementoftheworkunitsoperatinginthemarketisderivedfromlabor.Therighttoparticipateindirectmanagementoftheworkunitsexemptwhollyorpartlyfromthemarketisderivedproportionallyfromlabor,ownership,andconsumptionoftheprovidedservicesandutilities."Theonlycomponent"whollyexemptfromthemarket"intheGBA'sinitialphaseshouldbegovernmentplanning,withoutwhichtheGBAcannotdevelopintoascienceandtechnologyinnovativecenter.WitmanHungisamemberoftheacademiccommitteeofChinaSilkRoadiValleyResearchInstitute;andLiangHaimingisthedeanofHainanUniversityBeltandRoadResearchInstituteandchairmanoftheChinaSilkRoadiValleyResearchInstitute.Theviewsdon'tnecessarilyrepresentthoseofChinaDaily.

减税降负助力企业“加速跑”#标题分割#减税降负助力企业“加速跑”今年一季度,小微普惠性减免税政策使全区2700多户企业受惠,减免企业所得税4000多万元——减税降负助力企业“加速跑”  近日,在秀洲区税务局办税服务厅,嘉兴某文化传媒有限公司的负责人一早就来办理税务事项。“今年一季度,公司销售收入9万多元,按照原来的政策计算,要缴纳2700元左右的增值税。现在,一分钱不用缴,减税福利是实实在在看得见的。”该负责人说。  今年,国家多项减税降负政策优惠范围不断扩大,既直接减轻了企业负担,帮助企业实现更好发展,同时也传递了积极稳定的预期,有利于提振市场信心,提高企业扩大再生产、再投资的能力和意愿,特别是增加科技、研发投入,为经济高质量发展夯实基础。  小微企业是发展的生力军、就业的主渠道、创新的重要源泉。为了降低创业创新成本,增强小微企业发展动力,促进扩大就业,自2019年1月1日至2021年12月31日,对小型微利企业年应纳税所得额不超过100万元的部分,减按5%的税负率缴纳企业所得税;对年应纳税所得额超过100万元但不超过300万元的部分,减按10%的税负率缴纳企业所得税。今年一季度,按照新的小微企业普惠性税收减免政策,小微普惠性减免税政策的实施已使秀洲区2700多户企业受惠,减免企业所得税4000多万元。  此外,如果小规模纳税人月销售额未超过10万元,当期因开具增值税专用发票已经缴纳的税款,在增值税专用发票全部联次追回或者按规定开具红字专用发票后,可以向主管税务机关申请退还税款。小规模纳税人2019年1月份销售额未超过10万元(以1个季度为1个纳税期的,2019年第一季度销售额未超过30万元),但当期因代开普通发票已经缴纳的税款,也可以在办理纳税申报时向主管税务机关申请退还。  深化增值税改革是今年减税降费一揽子政策的重中之重,也是史上“规模空前”的一次减税降费改革。4月1日起,增值税改革再加力,执行新的增值税政策和配套措施,确保所有行业纳税人税负只减不增。制造业等行业增值税税率由16%降至13%,交通运输业和建筑业等行业增值税税率由10%降至9%,是继2018年5月1日我国下调增值税后,再次下调增值税,企业和消费者都将享受到减税带来的实惠。  同时,还出台了不动产进项税一次性抵扣,国内旅客运输服务纳入进项抵扣范围,生产、生活性服务业纳税人加计抵减应纳税额及试行留抵退税制度等四个配套政策,确保所有行业税负只减不增。“通过持续、较大幅度减轻制造业企业负担,可以改善企业预期和经营效益。企业获得减税资金后,将拥有更多的资源用于设备更新、技术创新和升级改造,有利于增强企业的活力和竞争力。”区税务局相关负责人表示。减税降负助力企业“加速跑”#标题分割#减税降负助力企业“加速跑”今年一季度,小微普惠性减免税政策使全区2700多户企业受惠,减免企业所得税4000多万元——减税降负助力企业“加速跑”  近日,在秀洲区税务局办税服务厅,嘉兴某文化传媒有限公司的负责人一早就来办理税务事项。“今年一季度,公司销售收入9万多元,按照原来的政策计算,要缴纳2700元左右的增值税。现在,一分钱不用缴,减税福利是实实在在看得见的。”该负责人说。  今年,国家多项减税降负政策优惠范围不断扩大,既直接减轻了企业负担,帮助企业实现更好发展,同时也传递了积极稳定的预期,有利于提振市场信心,提高企业扩大再生产、再投资的能力和意愿,特别是增加科技、研发投入,为经济高质量发展夯实基础。  小微企业是发展的生力军、就业的主渠道、创新的重要源泉。为了降低创业创新成本,增强小微企业发展动力,促进扩大就业,自2019年1月1日至2021年12月31日,对小型微利企业年应纳税所得额不超过100万元的部分,减按5%的税负率缴纳企业所得税;对年应纳税所得额超过100万元但不超过300万元的部分,减按10%的税负率缴纳企业所得税。今年一季度,按照新的小微企业普惠性税收减免政策,小微普惠性减免税政策的实施已使秀洲区2700多户企业受惠,减免企业所得税4000多万元。  此外,如果小规模纳税人月销售额未超过10万元,当期因开具增值税专用发票已经缴纳的税款,在增值税专用发票全部联次追回或者按规定开具红字专用发票后,可以向主管税务机关申请退还税款。小规模纳税人2019年1月份销售额未超过10万元(以1个季度为1个纳税期的,2019年第一季度销售额未超过30万元),但当期因代开普通发票已经缴纳的税款,也可以在办理纳税申报时向主管税务机关申请退还。  深化增值税改革是今年减税降费一揽子政策的重中之重,也是史上“规模空前”的一次减税降费改革。4月1日起,增值税改革再加力,执行新的增值税政策和配套措施,确保所有行业纳税人税负只减不增。制造业等行业增值税税率由16%降至13%,交通运输业和建筑业等行业增值税税率由10%降至9%,是继2018年5月1日我国下调增值税后,再次下调增值税,企业和消费者都将享受到减税带来的实惠。  同时,还出台了不动产进项税一次性抵扣,国内旅客运输服务纳入进项抵扣范围,生产、生活性服务业纳税人加计抵减应纳税额及试行留抵退税制度等四个配套政策,确保所有行业税负只减不增。“通过持续、较大幅度减轻制造业企业负担,可以改善企业预期和经营效益。企业获得减税资金后,将拥有更多的资源用于设备更新、技术创新和升级改造,有利于增强企业的活力和竞争力。”区税务局相关负责人表示。




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